b'WESTERN MARBLE ARCH SYNAGOGUEshifted to friendly enemy alien. Manya explained that they avoided being interned on the Isle of Man and lived in London. However, they had to report to their local police station every week. They remained friendly aliens throughout the war. When they left London due to heavy bombing and went to live in Bath, Manya told Sammy to try and rent a house in the same street, or near the Police Station, so that he wouldnt have far to go each week to check-in. I remember asking Manya how they survived financially while they were in Bath, and she explained that it was quite simple, she bought some cold cream in Boots and rubbed it into ladies faces and became a beautician. She had a real survival instinct.Even though Manya and I became very close, talking about her early life in Germany was never a relaxed easy conversation. My questions were always answered, delivered in quite clipped short replies with a degree of closure. With the benefit of hindsight, it is clear that talking about those times was painful and very sad.OccasionallyManyarecalledclear,powerfulmemories.She explained that when she and Sammy were first married, they lived in an apartment block in Berlin with an equal mix of Jewish and non-Jewish families, there was simply no discrimination or tension. As Hitlers influence increased and he grew in power, to Manyas and Sammys dismay, some of their neighbours became early members of the Nazi Party. She vividly recalled two occasions whenlocalyoungstersinuniformturneduponthedoorstep demanding to see Sammy.On one occasion he wasnt there and on another she stood up to them telling them that beneath their uniforms everyone is the same.WhileManyaneverevercomplainedaboutlifeinGermany, through the years, I became aware of how difficult it must have been. I remember once, long ago now, asking her if she had any wedding photographs and she explained, No darling, remember, we left in a hurry without anything. I didnt ask again.In the early years that they were here in London, I understand that they were able to receive some limited funds from Germany. What they had left behind was their family, their belongings and their pre-war lives. Neither Sammy nor Manya talked much about Germany, they both had siblings and family, some survived including Sammys father who went to British Mandate Palestineno Israel thenand others 18'