b'WESTERN MARBLE ARCH SYNAGOGUETHE STORY OF THEENGLANDER FAMILY DOLORES ROSEI was born in Berlin in April 1934, and aged four just after Kristallnacht, my parents and two brothers and I managed to escape from the Nazis.My father was born near Krakow, in a village called Wielkie-Drogi, a rural village typical of the type depicted in Fiddler on the Roof. Aged sixteen, he was conscripted into the army, after nearly losing his life in a huge avalanche on Mount Marmolada, where hundreds of soldiers and horses were killed, he ran away from the army and headed to Berlin, where he became an apprentice to a tailor. There he met my mother who, although from Polish heritage, was born in London where she had lived until the age of ten, when her family moved back to Berlin.It was there that she met my father and they married in 1925. Berlin at the time had the second largest couture and fashion industry in Europe, which employed many Jews. My parents worked hard and soon they established a highly successful ladies couture tailoring business (Bernhard Englnder und Kostme, Fabrikation und Engros) and moved, in 1930, to a fashionable address in Berlin in a very beautiful building, at 31 Schutzsenstrasse, where on the ground floor, the famed ladies makeup firm Leichner was located. My parents were very proud of their success and they regularly attended the local synagogue on Lindenstrasse. Despite things starting to get ugly, Antisemitism was on the rise and the business was boycotted, my father refused to believe that as a successful established businessman, he would be targeted.My mother, however, thought differently and tried to find a way to get her family including her parents and brother out of Germany. However, this was not easy and took time. Even though she was a British passport holder, there was no automatic right for her and her family to come to Britain.After one or two clandestine visits to London she finally found a British company that was willing to sponsor all of us to come. This meant they had to guarantee that the Englander Family would not be a burden on the state. Without their sponsorship we would have been unable to obtain the necessary consent from the UK Government to come to London.Back in Berlin, Antisemitism had escalated and there were many attacks on Jewish families. My brother Freddy attended a Jewish school (the Kalitsky), which was forced to close. The Hitler Youth were now very strong and instilled fear. Freddy was very friendly with a non-Jewish boy, who lived in the same apartment building.One day the little boy told Freddy 28'